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Gallipoli & The Middle East 1914-1918

Edward J. Erickson

With the last few men who served in World War I now no longer with us and the 100th anniversary of the Armistice coming in November 2018, there is no better time to revaluate this controversial war and shed fresh... Read moreRead less

With the last few men who served in World War I now no longer with us and the 100th anniversary of the Armistice coming in November 2018, there is no better time to revaluate this controversial war and shed fresh light on the conflict. On the Western Front the fighting raged for nearly four and a half years, but this was only a part of what was truly a world war. From the Falkland Islands to the lakes of Africa, to the former German colonies in the Pacific, and the battles along the Isonzo river in Italy, the six volumes in the World War I series recreate the battles and campaigns that raged on land, at sea and in the air.

The war in the Middle East was a struggle between the Ottoman Turks, British, French and Russians for control of the lands and peoples held by the Ottoman Empire since the 1400s. Although known as the ‘Sick Man of Europe’, the empire still controlled significant parts of the Middle East. The Ottoman Empire initially declared its neutrality when the war broke out, but intense diplomatic pressure from Germany culminated in the decision to join the Central Powers in October 1914. Russia had long held ambitions for Ottoman territory, and the two empires clashed in the Caucasus, where the Ottoman Minister of War, Enver Pasha, hoped to regain the land lost in the Russo-Turkish war of 1877. The Turks suffered a major defeat at Sarakamis, and their lack of success continued into 1916. However the Russian revolutions of 1917 led to the Russian forces in the area dissipating, and the following year the new Muslim-only ‘Army of Islam’ was sent to claim oil-rich Baku for the Turks, ousting the British-led defenders. In Mesopotamia (modern Iraq) the Ottoman defenders were at first defeated by the British, but General Townshend’s decision to stay in Kut-al-Amara resulted in his force’s eventual surrender in April 1916, a huge blow to Allied morale. The loss prompted the despatch of a much larger British force, and the subsequent capture of Baghdad and Mosul by the war’s end. The persistent Ottoman threat to the Suez Canal led to the British offensive in Palestine. The capture of Jerusalem by General Allenby in 1917 was a welcome Christmas present for the Allies, while his subsequent victory at Megiddo, combined with the Arab Revolt inspired by Lawrence of Arabia, resulted in Ottoman defeat and the capture of Damascus. However the defining struggle in this theatre was Gallipoli, the first time in over 200 years that Ottoman forces stood toe-to-toe with European troops and prevailed. The Gallipoli campaign had a profound effect not only on the Turks, but on the British, Australian and New Zealand troops who fought there, and marked the beginning of the end of European military supremacy in the region. With the aid of over 300 black and white and colour photographs, complemented by full-colour maps, Gallipoli and the Middle East provides a detailed guide to the background and conduct of World War I in all the theatres in which Ottoman forces were engaged.
With the aid of over 300 black and white and colour photographs, many previously unpublished, World War I recreates the battles and campaigns that raged across the surface of the globe, on land, at sea and in the air. The text is complemented by full-colour maps that guide the reader through specific actions and campaigns.

History of World War I series

Format: 246 x 195mm hb
Extent: 224pp
Word count: 75,000
Illustrations: 150 b/w photos, 100 a/ws
ISBN: 9781906626150

Edward J. Erickson

Lieutenant Colonel (retired) Edward J. Erickson served in the regular United States Army for twenty-five years as a field artillery officer. His assignments included airborne, mechanized, and nuclear artillery units in Germany, Turkey, and the United States. He served in the Third Armoured Division at the Battle of Wadi Al Batin in 1991 and in the Fourth Infantry Division during the... Read moreRead less

9781906626150 hb

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